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The Golf Swing Sequence: Connecting the Key Parts Together

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The Golf Swing Sequence: Connecting the Key Parts Together

Any golfer who wants to bring their game to its fullest potential should learn the golf swing sequence. Read this article so you can learn some tips and tricks for perfecting a golf swing. Here, we will break the sequence down to its seven parts:

  1. Address
  2. Takeaway
  3. Top of the Backswing
  4. Transition
  5. Downswing
  6. Impact
  7. Follow-Through and Finish


The address position requires the least motion out of all the stances involved in a golf swing. It is the position the golfer takes before they hit the ball. Though it may seem like an innocuous position compared to the ones that follow, a correct setup is vital for the shot’s success.

For a strong address, a golfer should place the ball between their feet. Then they should straighten their spine and bend their waist. Many amateur golfers make the mistake of bending their knees too much, reflecting similar poses in games like basketball. But, for the address, the knees must only be slightly bent.

The arms hang loosely, down toward the ground. Again, many golfers mistakenly extend their arms too much when the best position asks the golfers to hang free. Lastly, a golfer with a strong address has their feet shoulder-width apart.


The beginning half of the golf swing sequence is called the takeaway. It occurs when a golfer’s hands and golf club are about waist high. To accomplish the takeaway, one must remember to use their “big” muscles first before they use their “small” muscles. This essentially means a golfer should lift the club with their arms and shoulders, not their wrists. For the takeaway, the arms and shoulders bring the club back along the target line until the wrists reach waist height.

It is also extremely important to slightly rotate the club’s face, so the toe of the club points up when the hands are to the waist. By rotating, the golfer keeps the club on the right plane to naturally return to the ball.

Top of the Backswing

After the hands reach waist height, golfers transition to the top of their backswing. This is when a golfer’s wrists will hinge more than during initial takeaway. The golfer will not only be using their “big” muscles, like the shoulders and arms but also the “small” muscles one uses to pivot.

Golfers should make sure their backswing finishes the club over their head with the club pointing at the target. Amateur golfers often make the mistake of letting their club point to the right or left of the target. With that mistake comes all sorts of possible errors.

Lastly, golfers want the backswing to end with the club parallel to the ground. If the club “crosses the line” and goes beyond parallel, it will likely create an imbalance and ultimately a failed shot. Do not assume that the farther the club goes back, the farther the ball will fly.


When the golfer reaches the very end of their backswing and starts to move their body toward the direction of the ball, they have entered the transition part of the golf swing. Golfers want to be completely balanced as they make this transition. For that reason, it is usually recommended that amateur golfers bring their clubs back slowly, as a slow motion will give them the balance to transition properly.

The transition is immensely important because it is the time when a golfer needs to ensure their body is moving in total unison. Right when the golfer reaches the height of their swing, and their club is parallel to the ground, they should pause for a moment. After the pause, they should bring the club down with their lower body, starting with their hips and torso.


During a downswing, a golfer’s hands do not go along the same path they did during the backswing. Contrarily, the hands go down and inside the path leading to the ball. Gravity will take the hands and club as the golfer moves into their downswing from the backswing.

It is important for golfers to remember that during downswings, they want to keep their back elbow tight against their rib cage. Amateur golfers often let their elbows flare outward, creating a “chicken wing” effect. There are several points golfers should keep in mind during their downswing:

  • Maintain wrist hinge: Golf amateurs often release their wrist hinge right after the transition. Sometimes referred to as “casting” because it looks like casting a fishing rod, this, unfortunately, makes golfers lose all the built-up tension and energy in their wrists.
  • Your heel: Some golfers let their back heel go up in the air after they hit. This can be helpful for golfers who want to gain distance, but it also creates difficulties with accuracy. Golfers should consider which they need more as they work on their downswing.


For obvious reasons, there is no more important moment in a golf swing than the impact. As the only moment when the club and ball make contact, it is vital that the golfer gets this correct. There are three primary impact positions:

  • Regular Fairway Shots: This is the shot golfers take on the traditional fairway. Golfers should strive to make contact with the ball first and then the ground after.
  • Driver Shots: Golfers take driver shots off the tee. It is not recommended that golfers make contact with the ground but rather that they aim for the underside of the ball.
  • Sand Shots: When the ball lands in the bunker, golfers need to approach the problem with a sand shot, or bunker shot. For these shots, golfers should hit the sand first and then slide the club under the ball.

Follow-Through and Finish

For a follow-through to work, it is almost certainly necessary that everything that came before it lines up. During the point after impact, golfers want their bodies to follow the ball. Their weight moves to the front foot, and the back heel is raised.

During the finish position, a golfer’s arms rest on the front shoulder. The club points behind the golfer, and the hands come to rest comfortably on the shoulders.


Though it may only take a day to learn the rules of golf, it can take a lifetime to perfect a golf swing. This article outlines a few of the finer points of how to go about developing a stronger swing. By incorporating some of these pointers into a golf round, you can improve your game tremendously. If you want to work with golf swing aids to further improve your playing, come check out the offerings at EndSwate.

The Golf Swing Sequence: Connecting the Key Parts Together