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Golf Swing Fundamentals: 7 Key Concepts to Master

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Golf Swing Fundamentals: 7 Key Concepts to Master

Nothing about golf is easy. It’s not a particularly easy game to pick up. Furthermore, it’s certainly a difficult game to master. Very rarely do people walk up to the tee for the first time and blow everyone away. The golf swing fundamentals involve many key concepts to master. Moreover, each of them takes time and practice to sink in.

In this article, you’ll receive an overview of seven golf fundamentals all beginners need so that they can start the game on the right foot. Pay special attention to how these recommendations tell you to manage your weight distribution and body placement as you play golf. Having these bits of information as a base will help you make improvements and tweaks to your golf swing moving forward.

1) Knowing the Position

The first step in performing a successful golf swing is understanding the position. There is a tried-and-true method of adjusting your weight and stance to maximize distance and accuracy. To get into the proper golf stance, you must:

  • Have your weight distributed evenly on the middle portions of your feet
  • Move your hips back
  • Keep the upper part of your body and spine forward while facing the ball
  • Bend your knees for some added stability

By the time you feel ready to swing, your knees, your upper spine, and the balls of your feet must line up on top of each other. Now that you are in the proper position, it’s time to learn the other fundamental golf swing concepts to master. If you can completely incorporate each of these into your swing, you’ll be able to swing farther and closer to your target in no time.

2) Performing the Backswing

Sometimes, the best way to learn the correct approach to a golf maneuver is to understand the mistakes that stymie other golfers. If you look at beginner golfers as they try out their new backswings, you may notice a common mistake: they don’t keep their right arms close to their bodies. Instead, many new golfers force their arms to send the club straight back, which doesn’t create a natural swing. Swinging your arms straight back is much more likely to send you into the woods.

What you want to do instead is keep your right arm close as you move the club back around you, shifting your weight from your left to your right foot as you go. When the weight moves to your right side, the club should rise to a 90-degree angle from the ground.

3) Performing the Downswing

The first part of your body to initiate the downswing should be your hips. You want to move your hips and shoulders clockwise toward the target. Then, your arms will naturally follow. As you move the club toward the ball, make sure your head is in the same place throughout the entire process. You want your spine to remain the center point of the swing by keeping it at a consistent angle during the swing path.

As you near the ball, distribute your weight from your right foot to your left. By making this weight switch, you exert more power on the ball upon impact. Then, your right hand should push through the ball as hard as it can. To finish the downswing, have a light grip on the club so that your wrists uncock.

4) Avoiding Casting

One of the most common issues golfers run into as they learn to master the fundamentals is that they mistakenly do something called casting. Casting occurs when you release too early from your backswing. When you cast during the backswing, the angle between the club and your left forearm decreases. This increases your wrist’s cocking and brings down your power tremendously.

There are several ways you can try to train yourself out of casting. One of the easiest ways is to lighten your grip. When you have a light hold, your wrists and the club naturally bend without casting. Using this technique, you’ll move one step closer to a healthier, more complete swing.

5) Following Through

Too many golfers make the same mistake. They cut off their momentum right after they hit the ball. Unfortunately, they don’t realize this affects the natural movement of the club. When you strike the ball, your right shoulder must go down, and your arms should remain fully extended. At the same time, the right knee should angle toward the left knee, and all your weight should be on the left foot. Your right foot should be on its toes.

6) Keeping Your Head Down

As a golfer, you’ve probably heard that you’re supposed to keep your head down while you swing. The reason is not necessarily that your head’s placement affects the shot but instead that a raised head changes your spine’s tilt. This shift ultimately makes your swing go off target. As you prepare your golf swing, practice keeping your posture in check. Keep your head down, bend your knees, and lean over the ball. Finally, follow through without making your upper back straight.

7) Always Reaching for Improvement

Continually striving for improvement is perhaps the most important tip for mastering your swing. Keep returning to these basics and checking your stance to ensure everything matches up to a high bar of excellence. Golfers keep the game fresh and maintain their competitive edge by trying new techniques and building on old fundamentals.


The game of golf requires constant improvement and a total commitment to the fundamentals. In this article, you found advice on getting started on one of the most difficult and foundational areas of golf: your swing. Thankfully, many people have mastered the skill before you, and they’ve left behind their wisdom and advice.

By exploring this information, you should uncover the concepts you need to start on the fundamentals. They may appear to be simple. However, it takes months and months of practice to nail them down consistently. You might also want to work with golf swing training equipment.

Many golfers understand the fundamentals well enough to hit the ball correctly some of the time. If you want to set yourself apart as a great golfer, you must be able to make these shots consistently. Study this advice again and again until it becomes second nature to you.

Golf Swing Fundamentals: 7 Key Concepts to Master